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'''Polybius''' (; , ''Polýbios'';  –  BC) was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic period noted for his work, which covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail. The work describes the rise of the Roman Republic to the status of dominance in the ancient Mediterranean world and included his eyewitness account of the Battle of Carthage (c. 149 BC)|Sack of Carthage in 146 BC. Polybius is important for his analysis of the mixed constitution or the separation of powers in government, which was influential on Montesquieu's ''The Spirit of the Laws'' and the framers of the United States Constitution.
Birth datec. 200 BC
Birth placeMegalopolis, Greece|Megalopolis, Arcadia (ancient region)|Arcadia
Death datec. 118 BC
Death place| resting_place =
Resting place coordinates| residence =
Citizenship| nationality = Greek
FieldsHistory
Workplaces| known_for = ''The Histories (Polybius)|The Histories'', events of the Roman Republic, 220–146 BC
Influences| influenced = All historians of the Roman Republic during and after his time
Awards| footnotes =
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Greece -- History
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Polybius
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Punic War, 2nd, 218-201 B.C
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Rome -- Antiquities Early works to 1800
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polybius
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dionysius, of halicarnassus
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polybius, vincent thuillier, jean charles de folard
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polybius, ludwig august dindorf
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lipsius, justus, 1547-1606
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ludwig august dindorf , polybius
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